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Electric cars, a new concept of mobility

 

Planning to change the way we move around today creates a mixture of scepticism and resistance which is quite understandable when faced with an alternative to what is already familiar.

 

Today's model of transport has reached a turning point for various reasons,for example:

•  Squandering of natural resources such as petrol

•  Impact to the environment due to fossil fuels

•  Greater public interest towards environmental issues and the effects of climate change

•  Rapid tecnological development concerning electric and hybrid vehicles

 

 

 

At the beginning of the XX century, petrol consumption counted for only 3% of energy demand, half a century later oil became the most important source of Energy in the industrialized world. This may seem banal but it is worth remembering that the globalization of our economies owes its development to a massive consumption of fossil fuels with oil at the top of the list. A couple of calculations are enough to show its extent. In member states of the European Economic Community, energy consumption from traffic counts for 30% of total consumption, 70% of which comes from the consumption of petrol and diesel oil.

In the last few years, more value has been accredited to alternative sources of energy such as eco fuels and hydrogen, but on further analysis it becomes obvious that in order to produce eco fuels, enormous extentions of cultivated land would be necessary, making it practically impossibile to realize, and as for hydrogen, overcoming all the obstacles in building a distribution plant would be far from easy and the yield from the fuel cells (hydrogen) is even lower.

Among the main aims of the European Union is one of sustainable mobility which is in line with the issues included in the EUROPE 2010 strategies.

A far reaching objective aimed at reducing energy consumption and dependence on traditional fossil fuels. The transport strategy 2050 is clearly defined as an articulate ROADMAP with the aim of creating a competitive European transport sector and ambitious targets regarding sustainability.

By 2050 European plans forecast a reduction of 60% in CO2 emissions from fossil fuels used in transport. Electric vehicles certainly represent an innovative model for sustainable mobility.

In this context, the Green eMotion project within the 7th European planning framework for research, has set a concrete target to promote electrical mobility and identify shared reference rules within the Union.

The main problem of introducing the use of electric vehicles rests in the fact that while the advantages would benefit the whole community (reduction of pollution levels), the disadvantages (limited performance and higher costs in a small market) will fall entirely on the individual user. Consequently incentive programs would have to be set up in order to turn this situation round and offer the users perceptible concrete advantages.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rev.15.0126      

 

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